Chair: Susan Pickett       
Rachel Chacko (on Sabbatical, Spring 2016)
Edward Dixon
Gary Gemberling
David Glenn      
Monica Griffin Hunter
David Kim (on Sabbatical, Spring 2016) 
Paul Luongo
Ian MacMillen
Riikka Pietiläinen-Caffrey
Doug Scarborough
Lee D. Thompson
Jackie Wood 

Assistants:
Clark Bondy
Laura Curtis      
Amy Dodds       
John David Earnest         
Erin Foster
Roger Garcia
Diane Gray-Chamberlain
Gary Hemenway
JJ Gregg
Pablo Izquierdo
Phil Lynch
Spencer Martin
Robyn Newton
Kim Plewniak    
Norbert Rossi
Kraig Scott 
Rebekah Schaub
Michael Simon
Sally Singer
Chelsea Spence
Jon St. Hilaire
Maya Takemoto
Kristin Vining

Music Department Website »

Music courses are designed to develop an understanding and appreciation of music as an art, and to prepare the student for composing, teaching, performing, and advanced work in music. Students majoring in music may select one of five tracks: Standard, Performance, Music History, Theory/Composition, or Jazz. A student who enters Whitman without any prior college-level preparation in music will have to complete 36 credits to fulfill the requirements for each of the tracks.

Proficiency in piano is required of all students majoring in music. On declaration of a music major, a student has two options. If the student has previous piano experience and is not a piano major, he or she may take the piano proficiency exam. The details of this exam are available from the head of the piano area at the request of the student. If the student opts not to take the exam, he or she must take three semesters of applied piano study, receiving a grade of B or better every semester.

Courses taken P-D-F may not be used to satisfy course and credit requirements for the major.

Distribution: Courses in music apply to the fine arts distribution area, with the following exceptions:

Cultural pluralism or fine arts: Music 115, 129, 160, 218, 220, 354, 360.

Quantitative analysis and fine arts: Music 426

Learning Goals: Upon graduation, a student will be able to: participate in music making within a community and/or be an informed member of an audience. Those students who major in music will be prepared for graduate school in either performance or academic music.

  • Major-Specific Areas of Knowledge
    • Develop an understanding and appreciation of music as an art through performing and scholarly activities. All music courses are accessible to all Whitman students through particular preparatory/gateway courses, and all Whitman students, whether or not they enter the college with a music background, are provided this opportunity.
  • After College
    • Be prepared for advanced work at any major university or conservatory for those students who seek a career in music (history, theory, composition, teaching, performing).

The Music major: A minimum of 36 credits selected so as to include the following:

  1. Theory: 126, 127, 226, 227, 326. Note: A minimum grade of C (2.0) is required in Music 227.
  2. History and Literature 297, 298, 299
  3. At least one elective chosen from these courses (for Jazz Track, complete only 260 and 360): 218, 220, 260, 360
  4. At least one elective chosen from these courses: 310, 342, 354, 368, 426
  5. Large Ensemble, three credits (for Jazz Track, one from the following list plus two from 261, 262) selected from Music 211, 212, 231, 232, 241, 242, 245, 246, 253, 254
  6. Applicable track requirements, listed below

Standard Track: Seven credits of applied music (with no fewer than six on the student’s primary instrument, no more than one at the 100-level, and at least two at the 300-level). The student must give a half recital in their senior year and write an abbreviated thesis. Honors candidates must substitute Music 498 for Music 497.

Performance Track: Seven credits of applied music (with no fewer than six on the primary instrument, no more than one at the 100-level, and at least four at the 400-level). The student must give a full recital in their senior year and those pursuing honors must also enroll in Music 498.

Music History Track: Four credits of applied music (with no more than two at the 100-level); three additional credits in history courses chosen from among 257, 310 (Special Studies, as offered), 342, 354, and 360; and Music 497 (senior thesis). Honors candidates must substitute Music 498 for Music 497.

Music Composition Track: Four credits of applied music (with no more than two at the 100-level); three credits in composition 480; and a senior project. The senior thesis includes a portfolio of compositions and a public performance of original works in the senior year. Honors candidates must substitute Music 498 for Music 497.

A student in the composition track ideally should complete Music 226 by the end of the sophomore year, then take Music 480 every semester thereafter. All students desiring the composition track must submit a portfolio to the music faculty at the end of the sophomore year for consideration of acceptance into the composition track. The portfolio should include two to three works totaling about 15 minutes of music, and the works should demonstrate technical proficiency at a level determined by the composition professor.

Music Theory Track: Four credits of applied music (with no more than two at the 100-level); three credits in theory, either 260 or 426; and 497. Honors candidates must substitute Music 498 for Music 497.

Jazz Track: Four credits of applied music at the 300-level or higher; two credits selected from Music 261, 262; Music 260; and 360. Students give a full recital in the senior year and those pursuing honors must enroll in Music 498. This recital must contain one piece from the classical repertoire; this stipulation does not apply to guitarists. 

Senior Assessment: The senior assessment for music majors consists of three components: written, aural, and oral. These exams are typically scheduled between December and February.

Honors: Students must apply for honors candidacy by the October deadline specified by the Registrar. Honors candidates in music must pass all three components of senior assessment with distinction. The honors thesis in the history track is a written document. Students in the composition track must pass their senior composition recital with distinction, and the written document will be a portfolio of original compositions. Students in the theory track must write an analytical thesis. Performance, Standard, and Jazz track majors must pass a senior recital with distinction, and the thesis will be a recording of the recital.

The Music minor: A minimum of 18 credits selected to include: Music 126, 127; one course from 150, 297, 298, 299; one course from 115, 218, 220, 260, 310, 342, 354, 360, 368, 426; four credits in music ensembles from 211, 212, 231, 232, 241, 242, 245, 246, 253, 254, 261, 262; two credits in Applied Music 263, 264 and/or 363, 364. The P-D-F option is not allowed for any courses applied to the music minor.

Recitals: Any student desiring to perform a recital must present a pre-recital jury to the music faculty at least three weeks prior to the scheduled recital date.

Advisory Information:

Potential Music Majors: It is strongly recommended that potential music majors enroll in Music 126, 127, and applied music in their first year.

Applied Lessons: Instruction is offered in piano, voice, organ, harpsichord, strings, woodwinds, and brass at all levels; and guitar and percussion at the introductory and intermediate levels. All college students enrolled in applied music for credit must take a jury examination at the conclusion of each semester. Applied lessons may not be taken P-D-F.

Scholarships for Applied Lessons: A limited number of scholarships are available to offset the fee for lessons. Students receiving scholarships are required to participate in the appropriate major ensemble (Wind Ensemble, Jazz Ensemble, Orchestra, or Chorale) or Collaborative Piano 253, 254.

Nonmajors: The following courses are recommended as an introduction to music for liberal arts students (some courses require auditions and/or consent of instructor).

Music 101 Fundamentals of Music

Music 115 Introduction to World Music

Music 126 Music Theory I

Music 129 Deconstructing Popular Music

Music 150 Music in Society

Music 160 Study of Jazz

Ensembles — Music 211, 212, 231, 232, 241, 242, 245, 246, 251, 252, 253, 254, 261, 262

Applied Lessons — Music 163, 164, 263, 264

Grading and credit limitations: All ensembles (211, 212, 231, 232, 241, 242, 251, 252, 253, 254, 261, 262) are graded on a regular basis; a maximum of 12 credits may be applied toward degree requirements. Applied music lessons are graded on a regular basis and may not be taken P-D-F. A maximum of 16 credits in applied music will be allowed toward the minimum of 124 credits required for graduation.

101 Fundamentals of Music
3, x Pietiläinen-Caffrey

Music reading including treble and bass clefs, rhythms, accidentals, notation procedures, time signatures, intervals, triads, scales, basic chord structures, and basic aural skills. This course is designed for students who do not intend to take music theory beyond this class; students may not receive credit for Music 101 if they have taken Music 126. Students who have taken Music 100 and/or Music 125 may not enroll in Music 101.

115 Introduction to World Music
3, x MacMillen

The course guides students through a critical examination of music in its cultural contexts in diverse regions of the world, including Africa, Eastern Europe, the Americas, Oceania, and Asia. Students will learn to make connections between religion, politics, globalization, economics, and the ways specific societies build meaning around traditions such as Arabic classical music, Cuban/New York salsa, Indonesian gamelan, Balkan vocal polyphony, Chinese opera, and South African mbaqanga. In addition, students will learn accessible performance techniques and dances associated with several styles. The class will also consider the international context of musical diversity and competition by examining “World Music” as a global marketing genre with a complex history of canon formation. Discussing issues of power, appropriation, and representation in the popularization of emergent styles (ranging from reggaeton to Romany, or “Gypsy,” brass band), students will develop awareness of music’s relation to social injustice and debate intersecting legal, ethical, and economic positions.

126 Music Theory
3, 3 Fall: Pickett; Spring: Dodds

Fundamentals of music including simple and compound time signatures, key signatures, scales, intervals, triads, and common foreign language terms. Tonal harmony and basic part writing, non-harmonic tones, common chord modulation, and secondary dominant chords. Prerequisite: Fluency in treble and bass clefs. Corequisite for music majors and minors: Music 127. Students who take Music 126 in the spring semester, when the corequisite (Music 127) is not offered, should take Music 127 the next semester; students should not take Music 127 before Music 126.

127 Aural Skills I
1, x Chacko, Vining

Elementary ear training with emphasis on group and individual sight singing, aural recognition and performance of rhythms and melodies, recognition of harmonic progressions, and basic keyboard facility. Two hours per week. A grade of C or better is required for a music major. Corequisite for music majors and minors: Music 126. Students who take Music 126 in the spring semester, when the corequisite (Music 127) is not offered, should take Music 127 the next semester; students should not take Music 127 before Music 126.

129 Deconstructing Popular Music
3; not offered 2015-16

A study of American popular music from the late 1800s to today. Course covers major styles and innovators, notably early Rock ‘n’ Roll, Motown, the Folk Revival, the British Invasion(s), Soul, Psychedelic Rock, Progressive Rock, Disco, Country, and Alternative, as well as more recent music. By analyzing elements such as singing styles, arranging, production techniques, harmony, form, and other musical considerations, students will interpret what this music tells us about our culture and its value system. No previous musical experience (such as ability to read or play music) is assumed. However, a willingness to listen carefully and to engage a variety of theoretical approaches is presumed. Assessment: written tests containing listening identification and two papers. Open to all students. Offered in alternate years.

140 Meet the Beatles
x, 3 Scarborough

This course will examine the significance of multiple aspects of The Beatles, including but not limited to their music and social impact.  Of particular importance will be a look at how the band and their music interacted with movements such as “Beatlemania,” 60s drug culture, pyschedelia, advances in recording technology, and the evolution of their musical contemporaries.  Open to all students.

145 Songwriting
3; not offered 2015-16

This course will provide students an interactive forum to explore the world of song craftsmanship, form and structure, lyric development, and creativity.  Students will study what it takes to write a successful song by analyzing and evaluating the works of artists from today and the past.  Side by side with this process, students will “model” their songs on various selected styles or procedures.  Basic singing ability is a plus, but not required.  Open to all students.

150 Music in Society
x, 3 Pietiläinen-Caffrey

A liberal arts approach to music through a study of its function in society as well as studying differing styles of music. Music from a wide variety of eras and countries is presented through recordings and other media. No music reading ability is necessary as a basis for this course. Open to all students.

160 Study of Jazz
3, x Gemberling

Jazz appreciation and jazz history in a comprehensive study of the sources, style periods, important performers and recordings of jazz from its origins to the present. Open to all students.

161, 162 Jazz Ensemble II
1, 1 Gemberling

This ensemble trains students in the rudiments of jazz ensemble performance, including improvisation. Two 50-minute rehearsals per week. At least one performance per semester. This course is excluded from the 18-credit enrollment limit. May be repeated for a maximum of 8 credits.

163, 164 Applied Music: Elementary Level
1, 1 Staff

Designed for students wishing to begin studies (or having very minimal experience) in applied music. A maximum of one credit per applied field per semester; open to all students. Each lesson is one-half hour per week for the duration of the semester. Students are assigned to the appropriate instructor. All students registered in Applied Music are required to attend eight approved musical performances each semester of enrollment. Course sections may not be repeated in subsequent years. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. P-D-F not allowed. Fee: $350 each semester.

170 Diction I: English and Italian
1, x Griffin Hunter

Diction I will serve as an introduction to English and Italian diction in singing, in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) will be used as a tool to enable students to effectively study, pronounce, and sing music in the English and Italian languages. Corequisite: Music 163, 164, 263, 264, 363, 364, 463, or 464.

180 Diction II: French and German
x, 1 Griffin Hunter

Diction II will serve as a continuation of the study and use of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) taught in Diction I. Diction II will focus on the study, pronunciation, and performance of music in the French and German languages. Corequisite: Music 163, 164, 263, 264, 363, 364, 463, or 464.

211, 212 Orchestra
1, 1 Luongo

A concert organization devoted to the study of orchestral music of all periods. One or more formal concerts presented each semester. Open to all instrumentalists by audition. This course is excluded from the 18-credit enrollment limit. P-D-F not allowed.

218 Music of the Balkans and the Middle East
x, 3 MacMillen

The rich multiplicity of art, folk, and popular musics in these regions has been conditioned by their situation at the juncture of Europe and Asia, by their long, shared histories of immigration and empire, and by rapid political and social changes over the last two decades. Students will learn how ethnic diversity, religious conflict, and responses to capitalist/democratic transition have impacted the musical styles and contexts of practices such as Bulgarian women’s choirs, Serbian punk rock, Romany wedding bands, Turkish and Arabic classical music, Iranian musiqi-ye pop, and Israeli cantillation. Units will include religious ritual, music-theoretical systems, “postcolonial” Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian legacies, local and global music markets, and music in conflict and reconciliation. Students will learn to perform multiple dance and music traditions (utilizing their own instruments and voices as well as the Department’s instrument collection) in order to internalize stylistic attributes, ornamentation practices, and theoretical concepts. Prerequisite: Ability to read and perform from music notation.

220 Roma, “Gypsies,” and Musical Imagination
3, x MacMillen

For over two centuries, the Roma (often referred to as “Gypsies”) and their music have been a source of fascination, awe, repulsion, inspiration, and dramatic fantasy for musicians who have encountered them. The course examines the character, politics, origins, and reception of Romani music across a broad geographical framework and in both historical case studies (e.g. opera, flamenco, violin bands) and contemporary contexts (e.g. Gogol Bordello, “Gypsy” brass bands, Borat, films by Kusturica).

226 Music Theory II
x, 3 Pickett

Borrowed chords, the Neapolitan chord, augmented sixth chords, other chromatic harmony, and 20th century composition techniques. Prerequisite: Music 126 with a grade of C or better. Corequisite for music majors: Music 227 (formerly Music 328). Students who have taken Music 327 may not enroll in Music 226.

227 Aural Skills II
x, 1 Vining

Intermediate ear training with emphasis on group and individual sight singing, aural recognition and performance of rhythms and melodies, recognition of harmonic progressions, and keyboard facility. A continuation of Music 127 adding chromatic melody and harmony. Two hours per week. Corequisite for music majors: Music 226. This course may not be taken P-D-F. A grade of C or better is required for a music major. Prerequisite: Music 127. Students who have taken Music 328 may not enroll in Music 227.

231, 232 Wind Ensemble
1, 1 Gemberling

A concert organization performing the entire range of wind ensemble repertoire. Open to all students by audition during the first week of classes. This course is excluded from the 18-credit enrollment limit. P-D-F not allowed.

241, 242 Chorale
1, 1 Pietiläinen-Caffrey

Choral music of the highest standards, a cappella and accompanied. Open to all students by audition. This course is excluded from the 18-credit enrollment limit. P-D-F not allowed. Fee: $25.

245, 246 Balkan Ensemble
1, 1 MacMillen

This ensemble will introduce students to a variety of traditional musical styles from Southeast European countries (such as Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Serbia) and to their historical and societal contexts. Through rehearsing the music of several ethnic groups, students will learn different characteristic approaches to ornamentation, phrasing, and accompaniment on their own instruments and voices and will also have the opportunity to learn to perform on traditional Balkan instruments. The ensemble will work on developing a repertoire over the course of the semester and perform this music at an end-of-semester concert. Prior experience with musical performance and the ability to read music notation are presumed (though opportunities to learn/perform Balkan percussion instruments and to sing in the ensemble will be made available to untrained musicians with, respectively, good senses of rhythm and decent voices). May be repeated for up to eight credits. This course is excluded from the 18-credit enrollment limit. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

251, 252 Special Ensembles
1

Specific ensembles may vary each semester. These courses are excluded from the 18-credit enrollment limit. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. Any current offerings follow.

251 A: Opera Workshop
1, x Griffin Hunter

Rehearsal and performance of musicals and operas, given in conjunction with the theatre department. In general, music credit is offered for opera, and drama credit is given for musical theatre. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. P-D-F not allowed.

251, 252 B: Whitman Chamber Singers
1, 1 Pietiläinen-Caffrey

A 32-member select ensemble, specializing in traditional vocal chamber music of the 16th through the 21st century. One formal on-campus concert plus additional off-campus performances each semester. Membership open only to members of the Chorale. P-D-F not allowed.

251, 252 C: Chamber Winds
1; not offered 2015-16

Rehearsal and performance of works from the brass and woodwind repertoire. Works will be selected according to the instruments represented by those enrolled. Public concerts may be presented each semester in a group recital format or in conjunction with a larger performing ensemble. Open to all students by audition and consent of instructor. P-D-F not allowed. May be repeated for a maximum of 4 credits.

251, 252 E: Chamber Music
1, 1 Dodds

Rehearsal and performance of works from the chamber music repertoires for various sizes and combinations of instruments from two to nine parts. Works will be selected according to the instruments represented by those enrolled but will emphasize works for small groups of strings and winds or instruments with piano. At least one public concert will be presented each semester. Open to all students by audition and consent of instructor. P-D-F not allowed.

251, 252 EB: Brass Choir
1; not offered 2015-16

Rehearsal and performance of works from the brass choir repertoire. Works will be selected according to the instruments represented by those enrolled. At least one public concert will be presented each semester. Open to all students by audition and consent of instructor. P-D-F not allowed. May be repeated for a maximum of 4 credits.

253, 254 Collaborative Piano
1, 1 Wood

This course enables pianists to learn the art of collaboration with soloists and small chamber ensembles. It is the required ensemble for pianists on applied lesson scholarships and for pianists who are music majors (standard or performance track). Open to all students by audition and consent of instructor. P-D-F not allowed.

257 American Musical Identity
3; not offered 2015-16

In the nineteenth century, American artists and audiences began more actively cultivating a national musical identity. In the concert hall, this process was met by varied and often conflicting perspectives regarding the proper course for American musical development. In constructing a societal history of the period, this course will not only examine the values that informed American composers, but also American audiences. Through the study of reception histories and programming trends, the course will identify those musical values that inform the nineteenth century American experience. Prerequisite: Music 126.

260 Jazz Theory
3, x Scarborough

Fundamentals of jazz harmony, techniques of improvisation, composing, and arranging in the jazz idiom. Among the projects assigned during the semester are the transcription of a famous jazz solo and an original composition. A test in basic jazz chord voicings is part of the final exam. Prerequisites: Music 126 or consent of instructor. Offered in alternate years.

261, 262 Jazz Ensemble
1, 1 Scarborough

A select jazz ensemble of 17-20 pieces. This group performs challenging material in the big band idiom. Jazz Ensemble I will perform one formal on-campus concert and several additional off-campus performances each semester. Open to all students by audition during the first week of classes. This course is excluded from the 18-credit enrollment limit. P-D-F not allowed.

263, 264 Applied Music: Intermediate Level
1-2, 1-2 Staff

A maximum of two credits per applied field per semester. One credit for each half-hour lesson per week. Students assigned to instructors on the basis of previous study. Lessons graded as any other academic course. All students registering in Applied Music required to attend eight musical performances each semester of enrollment. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. P-D-F not allowed. Fee: $350 per credit per semester.

268, 269 Jazz Choir
1, 1 Hemenway

The Jazz Choir will be an a cappella ensemble focusing on the repertoire of contemporary music from the 1920s to present.  Consisting of around twenty vocalists, this group will study and perform styles of music including but not limited to jazz, pop, swing, R&B, soul, and gospel. May be repeated for up to eight credits. This course is excluded from the 18-credit enrollment limit. Corequisite: Music 241 or 242.

271 Introduction to Music Technology
3, x M. Simon

This course is designed to give the music student a broad understanding of the technologies available to music performers and composers. No previous experience is required. The course will include the following topics: computer music notation and layout, basics of MIDI recording, digital audio, sequencer basics, presentation software, accompaniment programs, survey of music theory and music education software, and other topics related to music instruction and performance. The course will consist of weekly projects based on the above topics. Students will complete a supervised project in their area of interest. 

297 Music History I: Middle Ages through Baroque 
3, x Luongo

Traces the history, styles, and literature of music from the Medieval through the Baroque periods. Extensive listening assignments, reading assignments, listening exams, and written exams. Prerequisite: Music 126. Students are strongly encouraged to take Music 297, 298, and 299 in sequence.

298 Music History II: Classical and Romantic Periods
x, 3 Luongo

Traces the history, styles, and literature of music from the Classic through the Romantic periods. Extensive listening assignments, reading assignments, listening exams, and written exams. Prerequisite: Music 126. Students are strongly encouraged to take Music 297, 298, and 299 in sequence.

299 Music History III: Music Since 1900
3, x Chacko

Traces the history, styles, and literature of music from 1900-present. Extensive listening assignments, reading assignments, listening exams, and written exams. Prerequisite: Music 126. Students are strongly encouraged to take Music 297, 298, and 299 in sequence.

310 Special Studies
3

Any current offerings follow.

326 Form and Analysis
3, x Earnest and Pickett

Study of musical forms including sonata, fugue, theme and variations, binary, ternary, passacaglia, and chaconne, among others. Includes key-area and harmonic analysis. Prerequisite: Music 226. Students who have taken Music 440 may not enroll in Music 326.

342 Classical Music in Film
x, 3 Luongo

Classical music has maintained relevance in popular culture partly through its use in mainstream film. After a brief exploration of the history of music in film, this course will explore the ways in which expressive content of preexisting art music has been recontextualized and even redefined through its use in film. No previous musical experience (such as the ability to read or play music) is required. Open to all students. Offered in alternate years.

354 Women as Composers
3; not offered 2015-16

The lives and music of selected female classical music composers from the medieval era through the 21st century. Prerequisites: Students must be fluent music readers, and have previously taken one of the following courses — Music 297, 298, 299. Offered in alternate years.

360 Jazz Elements and Styles
3; not offered 2015-16

An in-depth examination of the major style periods and artists in jazz. This course explores the musical elements of harmony, form, improvisation, rhythm, and others to contextualize jazz as an ever-evolving art form against the backdrop of Western culture. Emphasis is placed on the repertoire through extensive listening assignments. Written tests will emphasize listening identification. Prerequisites: Music 226.

363, 364 Applied Music: Advanced Level
1-2, 1-2 Staff

A maximum of two credits per applied field per semester. One credit for each half-hour lesson per week. Students assigned to instructors on the basis of previous study. Lessons graded as any other academic course. All students registering in Applied Music required to attend eight musical performances each semester of enrollment. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. P-D-F not allowed. Fee: $350 per credit per semester.

368 Music Performance Studies
3, x D. Kim

This course will address a variety of performance studies issues, including: notation, organology, tempo selection, rubato, performance styles, editions and historical recordings. Prerequisite: fluency with reading music.

371 Intermediate Music Technology
x, 3 M. Simon

This course will continue the study of topics in music technology, with an emphasis on composing music with the computer, computer music notation, recording and mixing techniques, and MIDI/Audio Sequencing. Also, an introduction to perception and cognition in music will be included. Prerequisite: Music 271 or consent of instructor. May be repeated one time for credit.

373, 374 Recital Production
2-3, 2-3 Staff

Juniors who wish to present a departmentally sanctioned public recital for which extensive coaching and rehearsing are necessary may enroll in this course concurrently with applied music lessons. Open only to juniors. Prerequisite:consent of instructor. P-D-F not allowed.

411, 412 Independent Study
1-3, 1-3 Staff

Directed reading, research, composing, arranging, preparation of a critical paper, composition or project on a topic suggested by the student. The student must submit a detailed proposal to the music faculty in the semester preceding the anticipated study. The student is responsible for any extra expenses incurred in completing the project. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

426 Post-Tonal Analysis
3; not offered 2015-16

Study of analytical approaches useful in understanding and performing music of the 20th and 21st centuries. Students will explore relevant literature, develop analytical skills applicable to post-tonal music, and become conversant in discussing stylistic features of music written from the 1910s to the present. Topics include set theory and serialism, and innovative approaches to rhythm, meter, timbre, texture, and form. Prerequisite: Music 226 with a grade of C or better. Offered in alternate years.

463, 464 Applied Music: Performance Level
1-2, 1-2 Staff

A maximum of two credits per applied field per semester. Open to advanced students by consent of music faculty. One credit for each half-hour lesson per week. Lessons are graded as any other academic course. All students registered in Applied Music will be required to attend eight musical performances each semester of enrollment. Prerequisite: consent of music faculty. P-D-F not allowed. Fee: $350 per credit per semester.

473, 474 Recital Production
2-3, 2-3 Staff

Seniors who wish to present a departmentally sanctioned public recital for which extensive coaching and rehearsing are necessary may enroll in this course concurrently with applied music lessons. Open only to seniors. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. P-D-F not allowed.

480 Composition
3, 3 Earnest

Private lessons in music composition and related skills. Students will compose throughout the semester and prepare a final project. Students will be expected to prepare parts and supervise rehearsals and a performance of this work at a student recital. With consent, this course may be repeated. Prerequisite: Music 226 and consent of instructor.

490 Seminar
3, x Pickett

A seminar for advanced students in music designed to assist them in the integration of three principal areas of music study: theory and composition, literature and history, and applied music. Highly recommended for senior music majors.

497 Senior Thesis/Project
1-3, 1-3 Staff

Designed to assist with the preparation of a written thesis, composition portfolio, or analytical project. Required of Music History Track music majors (thesis) and Music Theory/Composition Track majors (analytical project or composition portfolio).

498 Honors Thesis/Project
1-3, 1-3 Staff

Designed to assist with the preparation of a written thesis, composition portfolio, analytical project, or performance. Required of and limited to senior honors candidates in music. Candidates should consult with department chair prior to the end of the junior year. Prerequisites: consent of music faculty and admission to honors candidacy.