THIRD SPEECH: POLICY SPEECH
For Policy speeches, you will support a change in government policy. For example, your thesis might be, "I will argue that the United States should set a 20% minimum use of renewable energy fuels requirement." The policy speech has a heavy emphasis on quotations for supports and on responding effectively during the rebuttal period.
BY ____________ PREPARE AN ELECTRONIC ROUGH DRAFT OUTLINE and RESPONSE BRIEFS. Print this and bring to class on that day.
YOUR ROUGH DRAFT OUTLINE NEEDS TO INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING:
_____ Attention Getter—1 or 2 sentences. KEEP THE INTRODUCTION SHORT. No audience/speaker connection needed.
_____ Thesis Statement--that follows the format, “The Government should _____________.”
FOR CAUSAL/DOESN’T SOLVE SPEECHES
_____ SIGNIFICANCE (A problem with harms currently exist) WITH 2 TO 3+ QUOTATIONS
_____ INHERENCY (The current policy and it causes/doesn’t solve the problem) WITH 0 OR 1 QUOTATIONS
_____ SOLVENCY (Your proposal and proof your proposal will solve the problem/harms) WITH 2 TO 3+ QUOTATIONS
FOR DON’T CHANGE SPEECHES
_____ INHERENCY (Show the current policy is likely to change) WITH 0 OR 1 QUOTATIONS
_____ DISADVANTAGES (Show the changed policy would be harmful) WITH 5 OR MORE QUOTATIONS
· QUOTATIONS SHOULD BE LONG: 2 TO 6 SENTENCES LONG.
· INCLUDE THE AUTHOR’S NAME, QUALIFICATIONS, AND DATE BEFORE each quotation.
· PLEASE INCLUDE THE FULL TEXT OF EACH QUOTATION IN YOUR OUTLINE.
· THE MORE QUOTATIONS YOU INCLUDE, THE BETTER.
· NOTE: A quotation makes an argument—it is an author’s persuasive claim and support. ‘Quotations’ of laws, the constitution, etc., do not count as a quotation.
_____ Pictures, Videos, Sounds, Actual objects, Demonstrations are fine so long as they don’t take up too much time
_____ One concise interest support for each point would not hurt
_____ Brief summaries of key points after each quotation
_____ Transitions to the next argument/quotation
_____ Closure--include one, maybe two sentences that gives your speech a sense of ending. KEEP THE CONCLUSION SHORT.
_____ AT LEAST 5 DIFFERENT SOURCES FOR YOUR QUOTATIONS.
YOUR ROUGH DRAFT RESPONSE BRIEFS NEED TO INCLUDE:
1. A quotation for each response brief.
2. Your quotation should be 2 to 6 sentences long and make a strong, well supported argument
3. Include the author’s name, qualifications and date BEFORE the quotation
4. See your packet for tips on kinds of responses you can make
You need a response brief against all major attacks against your speech and proposal. YOU WILL NEED TO TURN IN AT LEAST 5 RESPONSE BRIEFS.
A response brief might look like this (for a speech favoring a policy to protect coral reefs):
RESPONSE: CORAL REEF PROTECTION WON’T HURT THE ECONOMY
1. The environmental benefits of Coral Reefs protection is worth the investment.
2. Coral Reef Protection is critical to the economy
Jack A. Sobel, Senior Director of Ecosystem Protection at The Ocean Conservancy, TESTIMONY BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON HOUSE RESOURCES SUBCOMMITTEE ON FISHERIES CONSERVATION, WILDLIFE AND OCEANS, June 27, 2002, p. np.
Coral reefs have great economic and intrinsic value. In addition to their incalculable ecological value, studies have estimated that the world's reefs provide up to $375 billion per year in goods and services despite covering less than one percent of the Earth's service. On a more local scale, recent studies estimate the capitalized value of the reefs surrounding the Florida Keys alone at close to $2 billion. Guam's 69 square kilometers of reefs contribute greatly to a $1.5 million diving industry and support a $143 billion tourism industry.
For the policy speech, you need to do intensive research and show it by 1) the number and quality of quotations you include; and 2) the use of the proper issues—significance, inherency, solvency, etc.
NOTE—Want to do something creative or different? Just talk to Jim
DURING CLASS, ANOTHER STUDENT WILL WRITE COMMENTS ON YOUR ROUGH DRAFT AND YOU WILL PRACTICE YOUR SPEECH.
ON THAT DAY, EMAIL JIM YOUR ROUGH DRAFT OUTLINE AND RESPONSE BRIEFS
ON THE DAY THAT YOU SPEAK--YOU WILL BE EVALUATED ON THE FOLLOWING:
1. PRESENT SPEECH AND RESPOND TO ATTACKS
You present a 5 to 6 minute speech with introduction, body and conclusion. After this, you take notes on 3 attacks made by the attack panel. You then respond to each of the attacks in a total of 3 minutes.
2. STANDARD INTRODUCTION WITH A POLICY THESIS STATEMENT
Your introduction needs to get our attention, connect you to the topic and make us see why the topic is important to us. Your thesis needs to be worded like this: “The Federal/State/Local government should ___(state specific action you support)_.”
3. USE OF SIGNIFICANCE, INHERENCY AND SOLVENCY POINTS
Be sure to use inherency, significance and solvency for "Causes" speeches and significance, inherency and solvency for "Doesn't Solve" speeches. If you present a “Don’t Change” speech, obviously, present Disadvantages. See your packet for Policy Speeches.
4. WELL-DOCUMENTED POINTS
I am looking for at least 5 quotations in your speech. Speeches without 5 quotations usually lose 3 points for each missing quotation. You should also include a few interest supports.
5. DELIVERY EXCELLENCE
I am looking for energy--get into your speech! I want to see fire--excitement--spontaneous force and conviction.
6. SOLID, WELL DOCUMENTED RESPONSES TO ATTACK PANEL ARGUMENTS
A. When you finish speaking, each attack panel member will attack your thesis and/or arguments. Take notes on each of these attacks. Prepare your responses just like you did when you answered questions, only now, write down your main idea for a response.
B. Put your pen down and then your rebuttal speech should have a very brief introduction that restates your thesis and the benefits of your proposal (1 to 2 sentences).
C. When you respond to the attack panel, you answer each of their arguments one at a time. To do this, you do the following:
"Stephen first argued that marijuana is dangerous to your health."
STATE YOUR RESPONSE
"I disagree. According to studies done at . . ." MAKE SURE YOU READ A QUOATION VERSUS EACH ARG.
STATE THE NEXT ATTACK
"Shelly next argued that marijuana legalization would lower our nation's morals."
STATE YOUR RESPONSE
"I disagree. Legalization respects the most important moral of all--freedom of choice . . ."
(Do the same for the attack presented by the third person.)
D. Conclude with a short one sentence statement persuasively pointing out why your proposal should still be supported.
PRACTICE THIS RESPONSE PERIOD
Have someone (even yourself) present attacks, practice writing down the arguments, putting together your responses, and then responding. THIS IS ONE OF THE TOUGHEST PARTS OF THE SPEECH—Practice helps.
Note: You must have a quotation against each attack except in rare instances. Each response without a quotation loses 3 points.
ON THE DAY YOU SPEAK, EMAIL YOUR FINAL OUTLINE AND RESPONSE BRIEFS
See the comments above for what I am looking for in your outline and response briefs. In addition, for the final outline, I am looking for 5 source citations. Your citations should come from a diversity of sources and demonstrate that you have done detailed, indepth research.
Please feel free to see me. I’d be glad to help you research, prepare, practice, etc.
WITHIN TWO CLASS DAYS AFTER YOU SPEAK:
1. Watch your DVC and write a self-critique on your goal sheet.
2. Turn in the Goal Sheet with your self-critique to your instructor, who will then give you comments and your grade.
ONE FINAL NOTE: CLASS STARTS EARLIER FOR THE POLICY SPEECHES.