Andy Fischer
Envs. 120
Internship Report
12/4/01

The Washington Water Trust

Purpose: The Washington Water Trust is a private, nonprofit organization working to restore rivers and streams in Washington. The Water Trust acquires existing water rights from willing sellers through gift, or purchase. These acquired rights are dedicated to in stream use to benefit water quality, fisheries and recreation. They strive to improve stream habitat and flows to aid dwindling salmon and trout runs. The Water Trust is currently working on restoring flows to a number rivers and streams in the Walla Walla basin. Since the Water Trust is based out of Seattle, I worked as their liaison relaying information back and forth from local meetings and hearings.

Projects: I worked on are creating a comprehensive bibliography of all of the current documents relating to the Walla Walla basin watersheds. The three major documents which I primarily used to create my bibliography were the Walla Walla Assessment report, the Sub Basin summary and the Limiting Factors Assessment. From these I copied, pasted and cut out redundancy to create one complete bibliography which anyone can use as a reference.

I also worked on obtaining a set of fish passage maps from Mark Grandstaff of the Fish and Wildlife Department. These maps are helpful in enabling the Water Trust to more easily determine which watersheds are considered “high priority” for restoration. A comprehensive set of maps of the area may help to cut down on confusion and help determine which streams are most important to fish.

Part of the work I did was attending meetings and taking minutes and later reporting these minutes to Sarah Ogier, and Yolanka Wolfe. The major meeting that I attended was the annual Walla Walla Water Symposium held out in the airport September 27th and 28th. I spent the two days hearing about current problems in the Walla Walla area and steps that are being taken to solve some of these problems. I had a chance to meet a number of people from different organizations from all over Washington. It was good to see so many different organizations coming together for a common cause, restoration of streams for the fish and other aquatic animals. I felt like I made a difference sitting down and actually participating in the restoration process. My contribution will be the comprehensive bibliography I am compiling.

A large part of my internship entailed drafting a basic stream assessment and doing some fieldwork on a section of the Touchet River which the Water Trust had purchased water rights. The goals of my assessment were to look at the overall health of the stream based on a number of factors described in my report. From my information and suggestions, the Water Trust may use my data to help them prioritize which rivers and streams most need in stream flows restored. Healthy riparian habitat and plenty of water are essential ingredients for bountiful fish populations. In my assessment I looked at the riparian vegetation, took photos, bankful width and depth, PH, temperature, channelization, large woody debris, human impacts and the possibility for fish.

I recorded everything I observed from my day on the river and compiled this data into a comprehensive report. Here is a brief summary of some of my observations and conclusions. I noted such things as the undercut banks where fish can stay cool and shaded in the summer and watch for a meal to fall into the river. There was also evidence that beavers were using the area which bodes well for the stream. Beavers provide essential habitat for fish by gnawing down trees which end up in the stream. Evidence of human impacts included some old farming relics and trash that were in the stream. There was no evidence of human made diversions that were still in use. Parts of the stream were heavily impacted by pigs due to their overgrazing as well as the proximity of a pig farm to the stream. There was an old road along the stream for about 200 ft. which was preventing the growth of vegetation and trees. On the left bank towards the bottom of the transect, there was some erosion due to the proximity of a wheat field (about 10 ft. from the river). There is definitely potential for fish in this section of the Touchet, but agricultural impacts of a hog farm could not be good for the stream despite healthy flows. According to the landowner Steelhead, Bull trout and Rainbow trout are present. Other animal signs included beavers, deer, coyotes, badgers, raccoons and waterfowl – primarily mallard ducks.

Problems: One of the major problems I ran into was contacting people to get information. Sometimes it is difficult to track people down to get maps and bibliographies. I’ve had quite a bit of difficulty tracking down the bibliographies of the Walla Walla basin due to numerous web pages that led me in circles and did not seem to contain the documents I was looking for. In one case I found the document, but it was about 200 pages long and would have taken forever to upload onto my computer.

Another problem was figuring out exactly what Sarah Ogier of the Washington Water Trust wanted me to do with individual projects. It is a little difficult communicating mostly by email to always figure out how they want me to execute a task. The Water Trust is based out of Seattle, so communication on a regular basis was difficult by any other means that email. I’ve found out that these people lead busy lives and that I just have to keep politely pestering them with reminders and questions to keep things moving along.

One of my projects was tracking down a set of fish passage maps that led me through quite a maze of people. After numerous wrong numbers looking for a guy named Steve Martin which seemed almost like a joke, I was left waiting for a reply from a number of answering machines. In the meantime, the Water Trust had obtained a copy of these maps without my knowledge, ending my aggravating hunt to get a hold of these elusive maps.

The stream assessment project I worked on was a little ambiguous. I understand that they probably wanted a broad idea of stream health and I think I probably made an educated assessment, but there are so many factors involved in making a scientific assessment that I was not able to do due to time and resource constraints. I think it was more of an exercise for me to get a little bit of field work experience and for them to get some very basic information about some of their possible water rights purchases. It is probably helpful for them to know some factors other than low flows which are affecting the fish. I felt like I uncovered a major hazard to the stream by inspecting this hog farm a little closer. The fecal material running into this stream was repulsive not to mention the lack of riparian vegetation due to overgrazing. Maybe it is not the Water Trust’s place to reprimand the farmer for his unfriendly farming practices, but it is good that someone is aware of the problem and can pass it along to an organization that deals with such concerns. I’m not sure what good it does to restore flows to a stream when the same landowners are polluting the stream at the same time.

Reflections: I learned quite a bit about the importance of cooperation between different agencies and as well as the difficulties in bringing different organizations together. Many of the government agencies and the non-profit organizations in the area have such similar goals in mind, but so infrequently coordinate their efforts. The difficulty in obtaining information from different agencies has shown me how split the environmental movement is this day in age. So many environmental organizations are intent on separating and distinguishing their efforts even though they are working towards a common goal. If it would be possible to convince organizations to pool their resources for the greater good of a cause, much more could get done. To me the Walla Walla Water Symposium seemed like a step in the right direction. Organizations were collaborating ideas and dividing tasks so that they were pooling their time and resources most efficiently and effectively.

Condensing sources of various water reports that are redundant into one master bibliography could serve as a big time saver as well. I’m hoping that instead of looking through multiple sources to find references to literature about the watersheds in the Walla Walla Basin, someone can look at the one condensed bibliography and find the most important documents most easily. It should cut down on cross-referencing dramatically.

I am glad I had a chance to get outside and do some field work. For future interns, I would recommend getting out and seeing the land. For me, I stumbled into a surprising discovery, a hog farm just a few feet from the stream! I think it is beneficial for the Water Trust to know about such pollutants. Simply solving problems with a checkbook may look good on paper, but may not always fully alleviate the problem. Low flows are not be the sole reason salmon have not returned to the Touchet River, the chemicals and agricultural waste may be preventing these fish from reaching their spawning grounds as well. I would encourage future interns to go to as many sites as possible and walk as much of the stream or river as they can and look for human impacts. Cooperating with other organizations to restore riparian habitat while at the same time restoring flows may be more effective at bringing back trout and salmon.

Most importantly I’m proud to be working for an organization with such an important goal in mind. For me, restoring in-stream flows so that salmon and trout can spawn and in the long run improve the health of our streams, is something I feel very strongly about. Getting to attend important meetings and hearing what key players have to say is helping to educate me about the current water issues of the area and make me a more informed and pro-active citizen.

A Basic Stream Assessment

Andy Fischer

Stream: Touchet River

Date: 11/26/01

Landowner: Wayne Hinchliffe

Transect Length: Appx. 1/4-mile -entire length of land

Temperature: 7 degrees Celsius

PH and Turbidity: 6.9 – High and muddy due to a recent storm

Bank full Width: 38-62 ft.

Bank full Depth: 18-24 inches

Overall Stream Health (1-10): 6.5

Description of Stream Type:

Dominant Substrate: a mixture of boulder, cobble, gravel, sand and silt. Gravel is dominant.

Gradient: low 0.5-1%

Riffles, Pools, Glides and Split/braided Channels: Mostly riffles and glides, a couple small pools and one braided channel.


Description of Riparian Habitat:

Species of Trees Present: Black Cottonwood, Locust, and Hawthorne

Amount of Shade: (Low/ Moderate) Sections of overhanging trees contrasted with sections of trees 40-50 feet from the stream. Tall grasses and an overhanging bank in parts -- good habitat for fish. For about half of the transect, a wheat field is within ten feet of the bank, probably posing some potential erosion and pesticide runoff problems. On the top right part of the transect, riparian vegetation is minimal due to agricultural impacts.

Large Woody Debris: Minimal. The wood loading on this stream is low. There are about four major logs in the river providing fish habitat. A good portion of the habitat on this stream is undercut banks where fish can stay cool and shaded in the summer and watch for a meal to fall into the river. There is evidence that beavers are using the area which bodes well for the stream. Beavers provide essential habitat for fish by gnawing down trees which end up in the stream.

Evidence of Human Impacts: Cows, bridges, cars, trash, human made diversions etc: Some old farming relics and trash were in the stream. There was no evidence of human made diversions that were still in use. Parts were heavily impacted by pigs due to overgrazing along the stream. There was an old road along the stream for about 200 ft. which was preventing the growth of vegetation and trees. On the left bank towards the bottom of the transect, there was some erosion due to the proximity of a wheat field (about 10 ft. from the river).

Other Observations: Fish? Potential for fish? Definitely potential for fish, but agricultural impacts of a hog farm could not be good for the stream despite healthy flows. According to the landowner Steelhead, Bull trout and Rainbow trout are present. Other animal signs included beavers, deer, coyotes, badgers, raccoons and waterfowl – primarily mallard ducks.

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