1919-1920 Whitman Speech and Debate Team
Miss Gardiner was coach for the Freshmen and Professor Sawtelle for the Sophmores.
(George Marquis, advisor to the team)
Frances Penrose, Walter Eels, and Frances Schubert were the faculty members of DSR.
A. Eugene H. Woodruff was the student body president.
B. S.L. Penrose was the college president.
C. Harper Joy was the debate manager.
II. In the world
A. Recent women’s movements sparked significant change. The 19th Amendment was ratified to the Constitution, giving women the right to vote.
B. The Pioneer ran ads for shoe polishing needs and corsets.
C. For women, campus clothes were dresses while men wore suits of varying degrees of formality to most occasions.
D. The student body was almost 3,000.
A. The forensics team became one of only four other colleges in the region to join the national forensics association called Delta Sigma Rho.
B. From 1900 to 1920, Whitman debate had won 36 of 56 tournaments. It was the team to beat.
C. The topic for intercollegiate men’s debate was “Resolved: That immigration from Southeastern Europe should be restricted.”
D. For women the topic was “Resolved: That prior to the right of strike or lockout, labor and capital should be compelled to submit their disputes to arbitration, constitutionality waived.”
E. The team had its largest membership to date, with 25 members.
Speech in the English Department News
5. Advanced Composition. Usually exposition and the personal essay are given chief attention in this course. Two hours, third term. Open to Juniors and Seniors.
COURSES IN SPEAKING
6. Oral Composition. This course aims to develop the ability to speak effectively. It is an organic part of Course 1. It supplements Course I in the study of the principles of composition and gives practice in the application of them in speaking. Attention is also given to the formation of right vocal habits. One hour, first, second, and third terms. Required of Freshmen.
7. Argumentation and Debate. The aim of the course is not so much to develop skill in formal debate as to give the student the power to consider disputed questions calmly and logically. Two hours, first and second terms. Open to Sophomores, Juniors, and Seniors.
8. Public Speaking. This course is devoted chiefly to the composition and the delivery of occasional speeches and short orations. Two hours, first term. Open to Juniors and Seniors.
9. Oral Interpretation of Literature. This course is intended to meet the needs of students who expect to become teachers of literature. Two hours, second term. Open to Juniors and Seniors. Drill is given to all speakers who compete in contests and to those who appear on the Commencement program.
COURSES IN LITERATURE
10. Old English This course includes an introduction to the study of language, a study of the linguistic principles involved in the development of English, and the reading of selections in Bright's Anglo-Saxon Header. Three hours, first term. Required of prospective teachers of English.
The Commencement Marshalship—
The William Thomas Dovell Prizes in Oratory—
First: ROBEBT BARTON PORTEBFIELD, Class of 1920
Second: WILLIAM ORVILLE DOUGLAS, Class of 1920
The Christopher Columbus Gose Prizes in History—
First: ELIZABETH MAE ANDREWS, Class of 1920
Second: LETA PEBBY, Class of 1919
The John Brining Prizes in Freshman Extemporaneous Speaking-
First: HAROLD EUGENE MOGAHEY, Class of 1922
Second: JAMES HARPER JOY, Class of 1922
A. The Versailles Peace Conference occurs.
B. Treaty of Saint-Germain is signed.
C. The White Russian Army is defeated.
“The British instituted the anti-sedition Rowlatt Acts, which gave the
government the power to intern agitators without trial. Mohandas Gandhi called
for a day of work stoppages and fasting throughout
F. “Afghan ruler, Amanullah Khan, proclaimed a religious war against the British.” *
G. “Navy Curtiss Seaplane landed in
H. “A flu pandemic…killed from 50 to 100 million people across the globe.” *
Debate at Whitman
Debate enthusiasm at Whitman during- the past year shows remarkably the impetus given the pursuit of that activity by the entrance into the college of the national debate society, Delta Sigma Rho. A chapter of this society was granted immediately upon the first petition made by the local fraternity, Delta Nu Lambda, in May 1920. Installation was held at commencement time of last year, when twenty-five Whitman debaters, including present students and alumni, were initiated. The officers elected at that time were Harper Joy, president; Sidonie Pyle. vice-president; Ralph Cordiner, secretary; Elizabeth Peters, treasurer.
Whitman has the distinction of being one of the four institutions on the Pacific coast in which Delta Sigma Rho is represented, the other three being the University of California, LA and Stanford University, and Washington State College, and Whitman has the further distinction of being the smallest institution into which this national society has ever entered.
may be accounted for by the high standard which Whitman has always maintained
in forensics and by the exceptional ability which Whitman debaters have
displayed in the last ten years. The personnel of her debating teams and the
intense interest and zeal which her debaters have shown in their work has won
for Whitman thirty-four out of the fifty-nine forensic contests with the state
Universities of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho in the last twenty years. And of
the fifteen debates with Washington State College, Whitman has won ten. During
the last four years, forensic activity has been confined to two dual debates
annually with the
This past year, Delta Sigma Rho has
done much to foster interest and participation in forensics. For this society is
not, as were the Whitman Debate Society and the Debate Council of past years,
merely an honorary society for the sole purpose of giving to Whitman debaters
special recognition. But its further purpose is to foster in every way possible
greater interest and participation in debating and public speaking. It was this
organization which was instrumental in establishing- a Freshman-Sophomore
debate both for men and for women. This gives Freshmen an opportunity for
practice and improvement before they are permitted to try for the Varsity
teams. There was also arranged this year, for the first time, a men's dual
Freshman-Sophomore Men's Debate:
Unanimous Decision for Freshmen.
In the first
inter-class debate in the history of the college, the Freshmen men's team won
from the Sophomores a unanimous decision on the affirmative of the question:
"Resolved, That the
Freshman-Sophomore Women's Debate
Two to One Decision for Sophomores
In the Sophomore-Freshman Women's debate, December 13, the Sophomores upheld the negative of the question: "Resolved, That Japanese should be admitted to the United States on the same terms as other aliens", and won a two to one decision on it. Their team was composed of Evangeline Fix, Mabel Wood, and Marjorie Palmer. They refuted the affirmative arguments that the Japanese made desirable, loyal citizens, and that they were a necessity, by facts showing that they were undesirable politically and economically. In the strongest rebuttal of the evening, Fern Coble of the Freshman team, upheld eloquently the affirmative's plan of restriction of undesirables from all countries, and proved herself a promising debater. The other members of the Freshman team were Erma Martin, and Katherine McGonigle.
Men's Varsity Dual Debate
Both Decisions Two to One for Whitman.
"Resolved: That immigration from Southeastern Europe should be restricted", was the very interesting question of the men's fourth annual dual debate between Whitman and the University of Washington, held February 25, in Memorial Hall.
Halbert Holmes, of the Whitman team, opened the case for the affirmative with the arguments that the great inflow of immigrants from these countries was dangerous to the best interests of our country because of their lower standards of living and because they were unassimable. Chester Lesh concluded the case for Whitman by showing that since these immigrants were undesirable and since they were not needed here, if they came their harm would out shadow their good.
The leader of the
The Whitman negative team, composed
of Robert Erode and Edwin Ford, also won a two to one decision from the
Women's Varsity Dual Debate
Both Decisions Two to One 'for the Affirmative
The very current
question discussed by the Co-eds in the Whitman-University of
Ruth Reynolds and Mabel Wood,
upholding the affirmative of the question, won a two to one decision in their
favor in the home debate March 11, in Memorial Hall. They pointed out that
where arbitration had been voluntarily invoked it had been highly successful,
and presented the logical conclusion that if submission to arbitration were
made compulsory, many more disputes would be satisfactorily settled. Their
entire line of argument was based on the fact that the interest of the public
was paramount. Both speakers were well poised and forceful in their rebuttals,
refuting squarely the contention of the negative that their plan could not be
enforced. Judge C. E. Mills of
The logical arguments, and the clean, straight forward presentation of them by the Whitman debaters, won for them high esteem in University debate circles, although the decision there also was two to one in favor of the affirmative.
The second men's varsity debate of
the season, between Whitman and Willamette took place April 22, after the
Waiilatpu had gone to press. The debate was held on the same question as the