1901-1902 Whitman Speech and Debate Team



No official coach for the debaters. Instead, debate was mainly housed in the Athenaeum and Phrenakosmian Societies.


Whitman News

I. Whitman College in 1901-1902

A.     Professor Charles W. Allen was hired as director of athletics and assistant professor of English.

B.     Rev. Stephen B. L. Penrose was the college president.

III. At Whitman College

A.     The Bell tower in Memorial Hall receives a clock.

B.     All Whitman students, but particularly women, are heavily encouraged to engage in vigorous exercise for up to an hour a day.

C.    The cornerstone of the new women’s dorm, to be named Reynolds Hall, is laid at the end of the school year.

D.    The Pioneer ran ads for Hatch, the Shoe Man, A. Goldman (men’s toggery), and W.H. Maney books.

III. Whitman Speech and Debate News

A.     The Young Men’s Christian Association is a vigorous or­ganization, which meets on the first floor of the V. M. C. A. building. Besides a weekly meeting at ten o’clock on Sunday mornings it maintains a mid-week prayer meeting, classes for Bible-study and mission-study, and a lecture course during the winter. It also takes charge of the daily devotional exercises at Billings Hall.

B.     The Young Women’s Christian Association, in a similar manner, provides for the religious nurture of the young wo­men, holding its weekly meeting on Friday afternoons at four o’clock and maintaining well-attended classes for Bible-study and mission-study.

C.    The Athenaeum and Phrenakosmian Literary Societies, meeting weekly, furnish opportunity to the young men for pleasant and profitable practice in the important work of de­bate and oratory.

D.    The Libethrean Literary Society has been organized by the young women of the College for the development of literary culture and social life. It meets on Saturday evening of each week at the Ladies’ Hall.

E.     An association to develop inter-collegiate debating was formed in 1898, including the University of Idaho, the Wash­ington Agricultural College and School of Science, and Whit­man College. Two annual debates are held each year under the Yale-Harvard debating rules.

F.     To develop power and taste in oratory still further a College Oratorical Association has been established. This asso­ciation is a charter member of the Inter-Collegiate Oratorical Association of the states of Washington and Idaho, embracing the Washington Agricultural College, the University of Idaho and Whitman College. The first contest occurred in Walla Walla, May 25, 1897.


Speech in the English Department News





Based upon a broad and substantial foundation of three years of preparatory Greek, two years are now spent upon History, the Drama, Philosophy, Oratory and a resume of Literature as shown in the following outline: (Other authors in these lines are compared as far as time allows.)




I.                  Herodolus

a.     The Persian Wars. Study of dialect and review of etymology.

b.     Thucydides

                                                                        i.     Study of the rise of Athens. The Peloponnesian War. Review of constructions. Analysis of the use of moods. Limited but thorough study in the derivation of words. Fernald’s Greek His­torians.

c.      Freshman Course. Four hours a week during the first semester.




II.               Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound; Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus. Study of Tragedy and Comedy. Comparison with Shakespeare. Science of Mythology.

a.     Freshman Course. Four hours a week during the second semester.




III.              Plato

a.     Dyer’s Apology and Crito for critical study. Develop­ment of particles inductively. Analysis of several dialogues through in­dividual work. Introduction to the literary form of philosophy.

b.     Sophomore Course. Two hours a week during the first semester.




IV.             Demosthenes—

a.     D’Ooge’s De Corona. Hellenic History, Ora­tory and statesmanship. Comparison of the world’s great orations.

b.     Sophomore Course. Three hours a week during the second semes­ter.



      V. Rapid examination of many authors by the reading of short selections; criticisms and lectures.  Text-book, Jevon’s Greek Literature.

Sophmore Course.  One hour a week throughout the year.


WINNERS OF CONTESTS, 1899-1900 (published a year after the awards were given).


INTERCOLLEGIATE CONTEST IN ORATORY: William Worthington, class of 1900.


INTERSTATE CONTEST IN ORATORY: Second place, William Worthington; class of 1900.




First, Arthur A. Hauerbach, class of 1902


Second, James XV. Rigsbv, class of 1901



World News

II. In the world

A.     Anarchist Leon Czolgosz shoots President McKinley. He dies a week later, and Theodore Roosevelt takes the presidential oath.

B.     President Roosevelt invites black scholar Booker Washington to the White House for dinner, to the indignation of the South.

C.    Congress approves $40,000,000 to purchase and construct the Panama Canal.

D.    “McKinley is assassinated. Vice President Theodore Roosevelt becomes president.”

E.     Queen Victoria dies. Her son Edward VII is crowned.

F.     “In China, the Dowager Empress, Cixi, signs an agreement with foreign powers formally ending the Boxer Rebellion. Leaders of the rebellion, other than the empress, are executed.”

G.    “The U.S. still has troops in Cuba. Congress passes the Platt Amendment, declaring the right of the U.S. to intervene militarily in Cuban affairs and to hold onto its naval base at Guantanamo Bay.”

H.    “President Roosevelt invites the educator, Booker T. Washington to the White House. Anger erupts in the South and there racial violence increases.”

I.       The Commonwealth of Australia was created “by united six separate former British colonies”

J.      “The US Yellow Fever Commission presented compelling evidence that yellow fever was transmitted by mosquitoes.”


Team News

Phrenokosmian weekly meeting.  They debated resolved that the Chinese should be excluded from the United States.


Whitman (affirmative) beats University of Idaho (negative) debating the topic: Resolved, that the United States should adopt the policy of owning and operating interstate railroads.


Athenaeum weekly debate.  They debate resolved that athletics are beneficial to the individual.


Phrenakosmian weekly meeting.  They debate resolved that the Chinese should be excluded from the United States.


Whitman beats Pullman.  The decision of the judges was made unanimously in favor of the affirmative.


Athenaeum weekly debate.  They debate resolved that Cuba should be annexed to the United States


Phrenakosmian weekly debate.  They have an extemporaneous debate.


Phrenakosmian wins a preliminary debate between the societies.  They debated resolved that the conferring of suffrage upon the Negro was justifiable.


Anthenaeum intersquad debates the anarchist problem.


Phrenokosmias intersquad debates Resolved, that the conduct of Admiral Schley at Santiago was justifiable.


Athenauem weekly debates. They debate resolved that a protective tariff has become a menace to the industrial welfare of the United States.


Phrenakosmian weekly debates.  They debate resolved that the income tax is just and practicable.


Athenaeum weekly debates.  They debate resolved, that all labor vs. capital differences should be settled by compulsory arbitration.


Phrenokosmian weekly debates.  They debate resolved, that friction between capital and labor should be settled by compulsory arbitration.


Anthanaeum society try outs judged were Pres. Penrose, Prof. Lyman and Prof. L.F. Anderson.


Phrenocosmian society chooses their inter-society team.


Athenaeum versus Pullman debating: "Should the Philippine islands be made an integral part of the United States."


Championshp Debate...

Athenaeum vs. Phrenakosmian debating societies

Saturday Evening, Jan. 19th in Memorial Chapel.

Affirmative: W.M. Proctor, M.D. Walters, Jas. W. Rigsby, Ross Brattain.

Negative: Bert Palmer, Albert Chittenden, Geo. Marcus, H.E. Brown.


Whitman beats Pullman on the question of Resolved: That the Phillippine Island should be made an integral part of the United States.




Intercollegiate debates: Berkeley versus Stanford.  Resolved: That the extinction of the Boer Republics is in the permanent interest of civilization."

Yale versus Princeton.  Resolved: A system of subsidies other than the present mail subsidies should be adopted by the United States to encourage our ship building and ocean carrying trades.

Columbia versus Cornell.  Resolved: That the 14th Amendment to the Constitution should be retained as an integral part of the Constitution and should be rigorously enforced.


Phrenakosmian intersquad debate on Resolved that Count Tolstoi has fostered the spirit of anarchy more than the spirit of freedom and liberty.


Joint Debate between Athenaeum and Phrenakosmian: Resolved: The Frye-Payne Ship-Subsidy bill now before the U.S. Congress should be passed


Athenaeum and Phrenokosmian intersquad debates.  They learn various winning tactics in their last meetings.


Intersociety debates.  They debated resolved that the state of Washington should adopt the dispensary method of selling liquors. 


Phrenakosmian society had a weekly debate.  They debated Resolved that the conduct of Andrew Carnegie in selling out his business to the Unied States Steel Corporation was reprehensible.


Athenaeum had their weekly meeting and they debated resolved that Greek and Latin should be included in the college course.


Athenaeum intersquad debate.  Resolved: That the resort to lynch law in the United States has proved more harmful than beneficial.


Phrenokosmian intersquad debate.  Resolved:  That organized labor is a greater menace to the commonwealth than organized capital.


Athenaeum weekly meeting.  They debate resolved that Tammany, more than any other political organization has been a source of evil to the New York City government.


Phrenakosmian weekly meeting.  They debate resolved that municipal ownership of street railways would be an advantage to all cities.


Athenaeum weekly debates.  They debate Is the policy implied by the Monroe doctrine any longer necessary for the good of all America?


Phrenakosmian weekly debates.  They debate resolved, that the American system of education is superior to the European system.


Phrenakosmian weekly debate.  They debated resolved that tribunals should be created, to which all conflicts between capital and labor involving public interests must be referred.


Athenaeum weekly debate.  They debated resolved that tribunals should be established with power to settle disputes between capital and labor, involving public interests.


Athenaeum had their weekly meeting.  They gathered to listen to the case of State vs. William Paxton.


Phrenokosmian had their weekly debate.  They debated resolved, that tribunals should be established with power to sttle disputes between capital and labor affecting public interests.


Whitman becomes the champions of the Northwest after they debate University of Oregon.  The decision was a 2-1.


Whitman loses to Moscow.  They debated resolved that personal property taxes should be abolished.


Whitman loses to University of Idaho in Moscow over Resolved: combinations in restraint of trade should be so restricted by national legislation as to promote competition.  Whitman was negative.


Whitman holds first place in the Inter-State oratorical contest. Mr. Arthur A. Hauerbach obtains the decision of five out of the six judges.


The Inter-League Oratorical Association of Washington, Oregon and Idaho, will hold its Annual Contest in Walla Walla on May 29, 1901.


Phrenakosmian weekly debates.  Prof. Lyman gives an interesting talk on the Philippine Question.


Athenaeum weekly debates.  They debate resolved that the treatment of Scley by the U.S. Gov't has been unjust.


Team Results


IV. Debate at Whitman.

A.     Inter-society debate.

1.     Two rival debate societies were on campus, completely autonomous of each other. The Athenaeum and Phrenakosmian societies each had governmental structures and met weekly to debate current topics or discuss aspects of debate.

2.     In February, the two societies debated against each other on the topic of “Resolved: that the conferring of suffrage upon the Negro was justifiable.” The Phrenakosmian society won unanimously. This competition determined which debaters should be on the intercollegiate team. This often meant combining the top debaters from each of the societies.

B.     Intercollegiate debate

1.     In April, a Whitman team of George Marquis, Guy Galloway, and Ed Chittenden, hosted the Pullman team. The topic of debate was once again, “Resolved: that the conferring of suffrage upon the Negro was justifiable.” Whitman, on the affirmative, won unanimously.

2.     Later that month, the team of Edwin Baldwin, W.W. Johnston, and Elmer Brown went up against the University of Idaho team on the topic of “Resolved: that the Unites States should adopt a policy of owning and operating interstate railroads.” Whitman, again on the affirmative, won.

3.     In the history of the intercollegiate competition in the Inland Empire, Whitman has won 5 of 7 debates.

4.     At the Intercollegiate oratorical in Pullman, William Kennel placed second to Miss Mackey of Pullman. Kennels speech was entitled “Mirabeau and the French Revolution.”

5.     Oregon withdrew from the Interstate Oratorical League, temporarily ending interstate oratory in the Northwest.