Library Exemption Section 108
- Limitations on exclusive rights: Reproduction by libraries and archives (Title 17 U.S.C.)
- Copyright Law of the United States
When library services involve the reproduction of copyrighted materials, at least one of the following five conditions must be met:
- The material is demonstrated to be in the public domain;
- A license agreement is in place which permits the use;
- Permission for use has been obtained from the copyright holder;
- The use is allowable as demonstrate by the four-factor Fair Use Analysis under Section 107: Limitation on Exclusive Rights or as outlined in the Classroom Guidelines;
- The use is allowable under the rights grants to libraries through Section 108: Limitations on Exclusive Rights: Reproduction by Libraries and Archives.
- Certain rights granted to libraries and archives for replacement and preservation purposes are demonstrated by the Section 108 Spinner produced by the American Library Association.