Student Rights and Responsibilities - Page 2
Sexual Misconduct - Resources and Support
Whitman College provides students with support, counseling, medical referrals, assistance with safe housing and information concerning their rights. The College will also provide assistance reporting to law enforcement officials if requested.
Any student who has experienced an incident of sexual misconduct may seek confidential support from these resources:
Sexual Assault PreventionCoordinator
Reid Campus Center
(509) 527-5208 (office)
(509) 529-1082 (home)
Student Health Center
24/7 assistance when Whitman is in session
24/7 referral service when Whitman is in session
After hours: (509) 527-5295
Please Note: Whitman College will not charge students with violating the alcohol or drug policy when reporting or sharing information regarding an alleged incident of sexual misconduct - as long as students report in good faith.
The College is committed to providing a safe campus environment. Whitman College employees, other than licensed counselors and health professionals working with clients, are expected to promptly notify the Dean of Students Office, the Human Resources Office, or the Title IX Administrator if they are aware of instances of sexual harassment or misconduct. The College has an affirmative obligation to investigate and to act to resolve such complaints.
The College is also committed to protecting the privacy of all students involved in allegations of sexual misconduct. The name of an individual bringing a charge of sexual misconduct will not be disclosed to anyone who is not directly involved in the incident or investigation or does not have a legitimate need to know.
Title IX Administrator, Julia Dunn, Dean of Students Office, Memorial 330, (509) 527-5158
When students report a gender-based complaint, including a complaint of harassment or sexual misconduct, the Whitman College Title IX administrator will receive that report. The Title IX Administrator will:
- Provide information about counseling, medical and support resources both on campus and in the community.
- Assist students who desire to report an incident of sexual misconduct to the Walla Walla Police Department or other law enforcement agencies.
- Put in place no-contact directives, requests for safe housing including alternate campus housing, excused absence requests and other academic assistance when needed, in consultation with the Dean of Students Office.
- Oversee a prompt investigation into the allegations and take appropriate steps to end the violation, prevent its recurrence and remedy its effect on individuals and the community.
Sexual Misconduct Prevention Coordinator, Barbara Maxwell, Reid Campus Center, Room 202, (509) 527-5208 (office), (509) 529-1082 (home)
Barbara Maxwell, serving as the Sexual Misconduct Prevention Coordinator, is one of the primary points of support for a student who alleges sexual misconduct. The Sexual Misconduct Prevention Coordinator will:
- Provide information and support in a confidential manner to a student who has experienced an incident of sexual misconduct
- Inform students about counseling and medical resources both on campus and in the community
- Assist students who choose to report an incident of sexual misconduct to the Walla Walla Police Department or other law enforcement agencies
- Accompany students who wish to obtain no-contact directives, requests for safe housing including alternate campus housing, and academic adjustments to the Dean of Students Office
- Accompany students who wish to file a formal complaint to the Title IX Administrator
- Serve as adviser to a complainant throughout the sexual misconduct investigation and adjudication process when requested
The Sexual Misconduct Prevention Coordinator will provide anonymous information for required Clery Act reporting and, if appropriate, for timely warning notice to the campus of a potential danger.
Whitman College Student Health Center, 11 Merriam Street, (509) 527-5295
The College urges students involved in an incident of sexual misconduct to visit the Student Health Center to seek medical attention or referrals as soon as possible. The Whitman College Student Health Center provides confidential support to all students.
- Care for medical and/or psychological injuries
- Referral for advocacy and support services
- Pregnancy testing, emergency contraception (Plan B)
- Referral to area hospitals for evidence collection, sexually transmitted infection testing and treatment, including HIV
- Assistance in accompanying students to the Dean of Students Office to file a complaint when desired
All Health Center visits are confidential and they will maintain confidentiality according to HIPPA regulations. They will not report an incident to the Dean of Students Office without the student’s consent.
Whitman College Counseling Center, 502 Boyer Avenue, (509) 527-5195,
M-F, 8-5 p.m. To contact a counselor after 5 p.m. on M-F, or on the weekend, please call (509) 527-5295.
The Whitman College Counseling Center provides free and confidential counseling by mental health professionals. In certain circumstances, students may also arrange mediation within the Counseling Center. The Counseling Center provides:
- After hours emergency consultations by referral from the Health Center at (509)527-5295
- Scheduled appointments or a daily open hour to meet with students in crisis
- Consultation service for faculty or staff about an urgent situation
- Referrals to outside agencies
- Assistance in accompanying students to the Dean of Students Office to file a complaint when desired
All Counseling Center sessions are confidential and they will maintain confidentiality according to HIPPA regulations. They will not report an incident to the Dean of Students Office without the student’s consent.
Whitman Security, 117 Memorial Hall, (509) 527-5777
Whitman Security is committed to providing a safe campus environment and offers the following services:
- Information about filing a criminal and/or College complaint
- Assistance in contacting the local law enforcement agencies, if requested
- Referral to campus and community resources
- Safety escorts from 7 p.m.-1 a.m. during the academic year
- Collection of information for the Daily Crime Log and for annual Clery Report available at: http://www.whitman.edu/offices-and-services/security/clery-crime-statistics
Whitman Security reports incidents of sexual misconduct to the Dean of Students Office
Dean of Students Office, 325 Memorial Hall, (509) 527-5158
In order to provide a safe learning environment for all students, the Dean of Students Office through the Title IX Administrator will initiate an investigation of alleged sexual misconduct if enough identifiable information about an incident is reported. The Dean of Students Office along with the Title IX Administrator will:
- Provide referrals for physical and/or psychological injuries
- Provide information about filing a criminal and/or College complaint and provide help contacting local law enforcement agencies, if requested.
- Provide referrals to outside agencies and resources upon request
- Initiate no-contact directives, requests for safe housing including alternate campus housing, and academic adjustments
Investigations of sexual misconduct are conducted with respect for privacy. The name of the students and details of the incident will not be disclosed to anyone other than those involved in the hearing process or those who have a legitimate educational interest.
Walla Walla Police, 911 (emergency), (509) 527-1960 (non-emergency)
The College will inform students of their right to report an incident to the police. The Title IX Administrator, the Sexual Misconduct Prevention Coordinator and/or the Dean of Students Office will assist students who choose to report an incident of sexual misconduct to the Walla Walla Police Department or other law enforcement agencies. Reporting an incident to the police and preserving evidence does not obligate a person to file a criminal complaint, but a prompt accounting of the event will be helpful if the person does later decide to file a complaint.
YWCA of Walla Walla, 213 First Street, (509) 525-2570, (509) 529-9922 (24-Hour Number)
The YWCA is a community agency that provides comprehensive advocacy services 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The YWCA makes the services below available free of charge to students:
- 24-hour hotline (509) 529-9922
- 24-hour rape/sexual assault medical, legal, and court advocacy
- Individual counseling and support groups
- Safe temporary shelter
All local hospitals provide 24-hour emergency medical services and examinations for evidence using a Sexual Assault Forensic Evidence (SAFE) kit. The SAFE kit is most effective within 72 hours of an incident. In order to preserve evidence, it is important not to bathe or shower prior to seeking medical attention. Students should place any articles that could be used as evidence, such as items of clothing, sheets, cushions, etc., in separate bags (paper if available.) Early medical intervention also allows for the detection of hidden injuries, the presence of STDs, and, in the case of women, the detection of pregnancy.
Providence Saint Mary Hospital
401 W. Poplar Street
Walla Walla, WA
Walla Walla General Hospital
1025 S. Second Avenue
Walla Walla, WA
Sexual Misconduct Policy
Whitman College strives to provide a safe environment in which students can pursue their education free from the detrimental effects of sexual misconduct, which includes sexual harassment and sexual assault. Therefore, the College seeks to educate students, faculty and staff about these issues and to provide a means of recourse for those students who believe they have experienced such behavior. The College reserves the right to respond with whatever measures it deems appropriate to prevent sexual misconduct and preserve the safety and well-being of its students.
- To define sexual misconduct involving students, which includes sexual harassment, domestic violence, intimate partner violence, stalking, other forms of non-consensual sexual behavior, and sexual assault
- To identify resources and support for students reporting an incident of sexual misconduct
- To establish procedures for filing complaints of sexual misconduct
- To affirm the College’s commitment to preventing sexual misconduct
- To respond appropriately when incidents do occur
Sexual Misconduct Defined
The College prohibits sexual misconduct in any form. Sexual misconduct is a broad term encompassing any unwelcome behavior of a sexual nature that is committed without consent or by force, intimidation, coercion or manipulation. Sexual misconduct can occur between persons of the same or different genders.
Sexual Harassment is defined as unwelcome verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature that is sufficiently severe or persistent or pervasive such that it unreasonably interferes with, limits or deprives someone of the ability to participate in or benefit from the College’s educational programs or employment opportunities. The unwelcome behavior may be based on power differentials (quid pro quo), the creation of a hostile environment or retaliation. A single instance of sexual assault may be sufficient to constitute a hostile environment.
The list of prohibited conduct under this policy includes, but is not limited to, the following:
- Unwelcome sexual advances or propositions that interfere with a student’s education or employment opportunities
- Using electronic devices or technology (e.g., cell phone, camera, email, Internet sites or social networks) to record or transmit nudity or sexual acts without a person’s knowledge and/or permission
- Committing violence within a relationship (domestic violence or intimate partner violence)
- Excessive unwanted and persistent attention on a regular basis either with electronic devices or in person or other means (stalking)
- Intentionally observing nudity or sexual acts of another person without the person’s knowledge or permission (voyeurism)
- Unwanted touching of the genitals, buttocks, or breasts that is intentional or other unwanted touching or groping
- Forcing/coercing someone to touch you or someone else in a sexual manner
- Threatening to sexually harm someone
- Initiating sexual activity with a person who is incapacitated and unable toprovide consent due to alcohol and/or drug consumption or other condition
- Inducing incapacitation for the purpose of sexual exploitation
- Ignoring a sexual limit that has been communicated
- Coercing or intimidating someone into sexual behavior
- Sexual assault, including unwanted penetration of an orifice (anal, vaginal, oral) with the penis, finger or objects
The College defines consent as a freely and affirmatively communicated willingness to participate in sexual activity, expressed by clear, unambiguous words or actions. It is the responsibility of the initiator of the sexual activity to ensure that he or she has the other person’s consent to engage in sexual activity. Consent must be present throughout the sexual activity by all parties involved. At any time, a participant can communicate that he or she no longer consents to continuing the activity. Consent may never be obtained through the use of force, coercion, or intimidation or if the victim is mentally or physically disabled or incapacitated, including through the use of drugs or alcohol.
Students cannot assume consent because of the existence of a previous dating or sexual relationship. The use of alcohol or drugs does not diminish a student’s responsibility to obtain consent for sexual activity.
Filing a Complaint
Students who have a complaint or who would like information about filing a complaint should contact the Dean of Students Office Memorial Hall, Room 325, (509) 527-5158. Prompt reporting of a complaint is strongly encouraged, as it allows rapid response to and resolution of prohibited or objectionable behavior. The passage of significant time between an incident and an investigation can result in memory lapses, the departure of key witnesses or other time-sensitive factors that can impair the investigation.
The Title IX Administrator will coordinate the College’s response to reports of sexual misconduct. This includes:
- Making information regarding the Sexual Misconduct Policy and related services available to students in print and via the website
- Assisting complainants and respondents in understanding their rights
- Recommend necessary remedial short-term actions to provide appropriate support and safety. This would include facilitating requests for safe housing, negotiating academic accommodations and providing referrals to on and off campus resources
- Assist students who choose to report an incident of sexual misconduct to the
- Walla Walla Police Department or other law enforcement agencies
- Investigating reports of alleged sexual misconduct involving students
- Issuing no-contact and no-trespass directives
- Overseeing the adjudication process and if necessary the appeal procedures
Students involved in an incident of sexual misconduct have the right to:
- A safe environment
The College will take whatever measures it deems reasonable and feasible to protect the safety of the campus community, and the well-being and rights of students. Such measures may include but are not limited to, modification of living arrangements, changing an academic or work schedule, or no-contact or no-trespass directives.
All parties involved in an incident of sexual misconduct will be treated with dignity, respect and fairness.
- Be taken seriously
The College will treat all complaints seriously and will investigate al allegations of sexual misconduct.
- Access to College resources and support
All parties will have full access to campus services designed to assist in such cases, including the Dean of Students' office, the Counseling Center and Health Center.
- A fair conduct process
The College will conduct a fair and impartial investigation and adjudication
- File a complaint with law enforcement agencies
The College will provide information about filing a criminal complaint and provide help contacting law enforcement agencies
- Freedom from retaliation
The College will not tolerate any form of harassment, retaliation, and/or intimidation of the complainant or the respondent, or of those supporting either party. Any retaliatory action taken against a complainant or respondent or against their friends, acquaintances or other persons cooperating in the investigation of a charge of sexual misconduct is a violation of College policy.
The sexual misconduct hearing is closed to the public. The written statements submitted by both parties are educational documents protected by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act.
Investigation and Adjudication Process
When the College has received actual notice of a gender-based complaint such as an incident of sexual misconduct, the Title IX Administrator will initiate an immediate preliminary investigation to determine if there is reasonable cause to charge the respondent, and if so, what policy violations should be alleged as part of the complaint.
- If the preliminary inquiry does not yield enough evidence to charge the respondent, the complainant will be notified and the case will be closed
- If there is evidence to support the allegation, the Title IX Administrator will assign an investigator(s) to conduct a thorough, reliable and impartial investigation.
- The Title IX Administrator will consult with the complainant to determine what interim actions are warranted by the college.
- The Title IX Administrator will recommend advisers from the Whitman community who have experience with sexual misconduct cases to assist both the complainant and the respondent through the investigation and adjudication processes.
- In consultation with the Title IX administrator, the investigator will identify alleged policy violations, key issues, and the scope of investigation.
- The investigator and Title IX Administrator will develop the investigation strategy and outline a proposed timeline not to exceed 60 days.
- The respondent will be notified of the allegation and the ensuing investigation.
- Respondents may choose not to participate in the investigation; however, the investigation will proceed and the finding will be based on all the available evidence.
- Based on information from the investigation, including interviews, supporting evidence and other relevant information, the Title IX Administrator will make a recommendation for a finding using a preponderance of evidence standard.
- The Dean of Students and/or the Title IX Administrator will meet with the respondent and complainant separately to go over the Title IX report, which will include a finding and recommended range of sanctions, if appropriate. The Title IX administrator will schedule a second meeting with the respondent, ideally within two weekdays, so that the respondent can accept or challenge the finding and/or recommended range of sanctions.
- If the respondent accepts the finding, the case will be referred to the Council on Sexual Misconduct to decide on a sanction if appropriate. Sanctions that do not involve suspension or dismissal can be imposed by the Dean of Students. The complainant has the opportunity to submit or present an impact statement at a sanctioning hearing.
- If the respondent challenges the finding and/or sanction, the Council on Sexual Misconduct will be convened to decide the case based on information in the investigation report and the statement from the respondent outlining his or her rationale for contesting the finding.
- Both parties will be notified of the decision separately within two weekdays of the decision.
- Both the complainant and the respondent have the right to appeal the decision of the council within three weekdays after being informed of the decision. See further information at the link below for details concerning the basis for an appeal.
- Although individuals may consult an attorney, the College’s investigations hearings and appeal processes are not legal proceedings and attorneys may not be present or participate.
For more information concerning the Council on Sexual Misconduct, the Role of the Adviser, the Hearing Procedures and Appeal Process see www.whitman.edu/offices-and-services/dean-of-students/sexual-misconduct-policy
Academic Dishonesty and Plagiarism
Academic Dishonesty defined
Falsification, misrepresentation of another’s work as one’s own (such as cheating on examinations, reports or quizzes), plagiarism from the work of others, or the presentation of substantially similar work for different courses (unless authorized to do so), is academic dishonesty and is a serious offense. Knowingly helping other students cheat or plagiarize is also considered academic dishonesty.
Plagiarism occurs when you, intentionally or due to your own negligence, use someone else’s words, ideas, or data without proper acknowledgment. To avoid plagiarism, whenever you use exact wording of another author in your written text, you must enclose the words in quotation marks, whether it be a paragraph, a sentence, or merely a well-turned phrase. You must then acknowledge the source in a precise and complete citation. It is not enough to cite the source without indicating by quotation marks that the words are someone else’s. It is also not enough to change one or two words in a sentence; that does not make it your own sentence. Another common error is to use another person’s ideas or data without indicating the source. Even if you paraphrase the ideas, you must give credit in a citation to their originators. In oral presentations, the original source also should be given proper credit in the form of internal source references and in bibliographic entries. While all of the above applies primarily to plagiarism from texts, scholarly articles, review, handbooks, encyclopedias, etc., it also applies to the use, either wholly or in part, of another student’s paper. The use of another student’s ideas or words on an examination or report obviously constitutes plagiarism and is taken seriously by the faculty. Similarly, giving your ideas or words to another student to represent as his or her own also constitutes plagiarism. It is a form of cheating; indeed, it is a form of theft. It indicates dishonesty and a lack of personal integrity, which may affect your reputation in the eyes of your professors as well as your grade.
- When a faculty member judges that an instance of academic dishonesty has occurred, the faculty member shall notify the Dean of Students promptly. The Dean and the faculty member will decide if the student’s actions warrant a hearing before the Council on Student Affairs or if the faculty member will decide the penalty. When a student is accused of academic dishonesty, not concerning his or her own course-work, the council on Student Affairs will convene to assess the validity of the charge and the penalty to be assessed.
- If the accusation of academic dishonesty is handled by the faculty member, he or she will contact the student promptly to notify the student of the accusation and arrange a meeting in which the nature of the violation and the penalty will be explained. The Dean of Students will maintain a record of the outcome, which could be a factor in any future accusations.
- If the Dean of Students and faculty member are referring the case to the Council on Student Affairs, the faculty member shall meet with the student promptly and explain the accusation of academic dishonesty and notify the student that the Dean of Students, who is the Chair of the Council on Student Affairs, will convene the Council for a formal hearing. The Council will determine the validity of the charge and the penalty to be assessed.
- Withdrawing from a class does not preclude academic dishonesty proceedings from going forward. At the time of the student’s notification that a faculty member has concluded that academic dishonesty has taken place in a course for which the student is currently registered, the student shall also receive notification that withdrawal from that course cannot be final unless and until the student is shown not to have committed academic dishonesty. A student who is shown to have committed academic dishonesty but whose penalty is less severe than an “F” grade in the course may still withdraw from the course.
- The student shall have the right to challenge an initial decision rendered by the faculty member regarding the charge of academic dishonesty by appealing to the Council on Student Affairs. The Council shall then provide a determination of the validity of the charge and the penalty to be assessed, which shall be the final determination unless it is, in turn, appealed.
- Near the end of the semester and other cases where there may be extenuating circumstances, the Dean of Students as Chair of the Council on Student Affairs, may adjust the time provisions in these procedures. Care will be taken to ensure that the accused maintains the basic rights of these procedures.
- For any meetings of the Council on Student Affairs regarding a case of academic dishonesty, the Chair shall ensure that the proceedings are recorded in case of an appeal.
The student shall have the right to challenge a decision rendered by the Council on Student Affairs, based on the following criteria:
- New evidence not previously considered that would alter the outcome
- Evidence that was inappropriately ruled as inadmissible or admissible that would alter the outcome
- Procedural errors or violations committed that would have altered the outcome
To appeal, the student must petition the Chair of the Faculty in writing, within seven days of the decision stating which of these grounds is being used as a basis for the appeal. The Chair of the Faculty will then act on the petition in one of three ways:
- The appeal may be rejected.
- The Chair of the Faculty may decide to hear the appeal and then rule.
- The Chair of the Faculty may form a panel to hear the appeal.
Penalties for academic dishonesty are as follows:
- In a case where academic dishonesty has been committed by a student concerning his or her own course-work, and where a hearing by the Council on Student Affairs is deemed unnecessary, the faculty member teaching the cours in question shall have the discretion to decide what punitive measures to take with a maximum penalty of a grade of “F” in the course.
- For a first offense, in a case where academic dishonesty not concerning the student’s own course-work has been committed by the student, the Council on Student Affairs shall determine the penalty.
- A second offense of any sort of academic dishonesty may result in expulsio from the college.
- A student who is found to have committed academic dishonesty in a cours from which he or she has withdrawn, shall have this provisional withdrawal cancelled, and shall be penalized in accordance with the above guidelines.
A report on each case of demonstrable academic dishonesty will be kept in the Dean of Students office while the student is in attendance at Whitman College. Upon graduation or departure from Whitman College, the report will be destroyed, except for those cases in which academic dishonesty constitutes part of the case for dismissal of a particular student. The purpose of reporting cases of demonstrable academic dishonesty is to provide a temporary record in order to discourage repeat offenses, and to facilitate identification of repeat offenders. All meetings and deliberations pursuant to the judicial procedures and appeals in this policy shall be otherwise kept strictly confidential. Any recordings of meetings shall be destroyed after the appeal deadline has passed.
Hazing is any activity of a physical or psychological nature that is degrading or humiliating to another person. Groups of individuals or individuals acting on behalf of a club, group, organization, or team sometimes use hazing as a way of initiating a person into their respective group. Hazing does not encourage respect for others and is unacceptable and prohibited by Whitman College. Oftentimes, perpetuators of hazing activities justify their actions under the auspices of teambuilding; teambuilding supports and respects individual members within a group, hazing does not.
To determine whether an activity constitutes hazing, use the following questions as a guide:
- Is this activity unrelated to the educational goals of the team, club, group, or organization?
- Will active or current members of the group refuse to participate with the newmembers and do exactly what they are being asked to do?
- Does the activity risk emotional or physical abuse?
- Is this activity a prerequisite for membership on your team or in your organization?
- Is there risk of injury or a question of safety?
- Is alcohol used inappropriately?
- Do you have any reservation describing the activity to your parents, to a professor, or a college official?
- Would you have reservations about the Pioneer, Walla Walla Union-Bulletin or a local television news crew displaying images, stories, or a video stream about your activity?
If the answer to any of the above questions is yes, the activity likely constitutes hazing. Even if there is no malicious intent, safety might still be a factor in traditional initiation activities that upperclassmen consider all in good fun. The college strongly encourages campus groups, organizations, clubs, or teams to review the appropriateness of all activities (planned or otherwise) with their respective sponsor, adviser, or coach. This is particularly important for group leaders who organize activities outside of their sponsor’s, adviser’s or coach’s normal purview.
In states that have laws against hazing, such as the State of Washington, the defendant(s) cannot use consent of the victim as a defense in a civil suit.
Consent is not a defense because a participant’s agreement to participate in a potentially hazardous activity may not be true consent when considering peer pressure and the desire to be part of a group. http://apps.leg.wa.gov/WAC/default.aspx?cite=504-26-206.
The following behaviors and activities would constitute hazing on this campus. It is important to note that social pressure can constitute forced or requisite participation, even if the organizers claim that the activity is voluntary.
- Actions that recklessly or intentionally endanger the physical and mental healthor safety of students.
- Forced, coerced, or required consumption of any food, liquor, drug, beverage,water, or any other substance.
- Forced, coerced, or required participation in physical activities, such ascalisthenics, exercises, or so-called games.
- Forced or required conduct that could embarrass or adversely affect the dignityof the individual, including the performance of public stunts and activities.
- Forced exposure to the weather.
- Excessive fatigue resulting from sleep deprivation, physical activities, or exercise.
- Assignment of activities that would be illegal or unlawful, or might be morallyoffensive to new members.
- Physical brutality, including paddling, striking with fists, open hands, or objects, and branding.
- Kidnapping against a person’s will, and forced transportation or stranding of individuals.
- Verbal abuse, including “line-ups” and berating of individuals.
- Forced or required clean-up work or labor created for new members.
- Denial of sufficient time to study.
- Forced or required nudity or lewd behavior.
It is important to note that current or former students participating with new or prospective group members in any of the above activities can still constitute hazing. New and returning members should also be aware that according to federal hazing laws, not only can the individuals involved in the act of hazing lose all financial aid, but the person they haze also can lose all financial aid, regardless of consent or voluntary participation.
The college will pursue disciplinary action in all cases of suspected hazing. The college considers disciplinary action at the college level to be independent from other court proceedings, and action may be instituted against a student also charged in civil or criminal courts based on the same facts that constitute the alleged violation of the Code of Conduct. For more information on hazing, visit the Dean of Students Office or hazingprevention.org.
Prevention and Education
The college conducts an annual mandatory training for faculty, students, and staff who participate in the adjudication for sexual misconduct cases. The training is designed to help the participants gain an understanding for the role of the council member or adviser, to become familiar with the sexual misconduct policy, and to become aware of the sensitive nature of sexual misconduct hearings and issues of confidentiality.
Green Dot is a violence reduction program that encourages bystanders to be actively engaged in making the campus a safe place for everyone. The basic concepts are very simple: red dots, which are brief moments in time when someone’s words or actions contribute to violence or display apathy or indifference in the face of potential violence, are unwanted; green dots, which are brief moments in time when someone’s words or actions make our campus safer and express intolerance for unsafe behaviors, are encouraged. All entering students participate in a 45-minute introduction to the Green Dot program during new student orientation and learn the basics of “doing Green Dots.” A number of students are also nominated to participate in an-depth Green Dot bystander training seminar each semester. In essence, Green Dot is about being actively engaged and making the safety of each individual the responsibility of our whole community.